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academicjournal Журнал «ACADEMY» выходит ежемесячно, 10 числа (ежемесячно уточняется). Следующий номер журнала № 01(64) 2021 г. Выйдет - 21.01.2021 г. Статьи принимаются до 21.01.2021 г.

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Nematova M.F.

Nematova Moxibegim Fazliddinovna - ESP Teacher,

DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES IN NATURAL DIRECTIONS,

BUKHARA STATE UNIVERSITY,

BUKHARA, REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

Abstract: in lexicology, the linguistic richness of a language is studied as a system, because this richness is not a simple, mechanical sum of words and phrases, but a system of interconnected linguistic units and elements, one of which requires the other to exist.  In this system every problems of the word are studied such as lexic meaning, synonyms, stylistic, structural parts and etc. Specifically, this article focused on what is graduonomy and graduonomic degrees in synonyms of the three language’s vocabulary: Uzbek, English and Russian.

Keywords: graduonomy, connotative, denotative, lexicography, equonims, verbal spiritual relations.

References

  • Sharipova D. et al. Bilingualism As A Main Communication Factor For Integration Among Nations In Transoxiana. Modern Uzbekistan // International Journal on Integrated Education, Т. 2. № 2. Р. 15-23.
  • Sharipova D., Ibatova N. THE TRANSLATION OF PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS INTO UZBEK // Theoretical & Applied Science, 2019. № 10. Р. 649-651.
  • Akhmedova R.A., Ochilova N.M., Nematova M.F. REFLECTION OF ENLIGHMENT LITERATURE IN THE WORKS OF ALEXANDRE POPE // International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 2020. № 6.
  • Shavkatovna S.D., Istamovna I.N., Komiljonovna X.M. Symbols and Images in Uzbek stories // Proceeding of The ICECRS, 2020. Т. 5.
  • Sharipova D., Muhammadiyeva N., Mohigul Q. The Translation of Grammatical Discrepancies // International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 2020. Т. 24. № 1.
  • Khamdamovna M.U., Salimboevna R.D., Toshpulatovna B.V. Irony in dramatic works // International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 2020. Т. 24. № 3. Р. 311-317.
  • Sharipova D.Sh., Mavlonova U.K., Ibatova N.I. BEHAVIORAL LANGUAGE ETIQUETTE IN UZBEK PROVERBS AND SAYINGS // Vestnik nauki i obrazovaniya 11-3 (89), 2020.
  • Azimovna A.Z., Abdulloevna A.A. USE OF MODERN INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGE // Vestnik nauki i obrazovaniya, 2020. № 10-4 (88).
  • Sharipova D.Sh. THE LEXICAL-SEMANTIC PROPERTIES OF THE SYMBOL. // International Journal on Integrated Education, Т. 3. № 9. Р. 177-180.
  • Khamdamovna M.U., Khalimovna M.M. ANALYSIS OF SITUATIONAL IRONY IN LITERATURE // Academy, 2020. № 11 (62).
  • Shavkatovna S.D., Istamovna I.N. LINGUACULTURAL ASPECTS OF SYMBOLS AND CHARACTERS // Academy, 2020. № 9. (60). Р. 18-19.
  • Mavlonova U.K., Akhmedova R.A. ANALYSIS OF SITUATIONAL IRONY IN EXAMPLES FROM GENERAL CASES // Academy, 2020. № 11. Р. 24-25.
  • Akhmedova R.A., Nematova M.F., Ochilova N.M. USAGE OF FLORA IN THE EARLY MODERN ENGLISH POETRY // Vestnik nauki i obrazovaniya, 2020. № 7-2. Р. 51-53.

Ссылка для цитирования данной статьи 

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Nematova M.F. GRADUONOMIC SYNONYMIES IN THE LANGUAGES OF UZBEK, ENGLISH AND RUSSIAN LEXICOGRAPHY // Academy. № 1 (64), 2021 - С.{см. журнал}.

academicjournal pdf2

Khusenova M.U.

Khusenova Mehriniso Uktamovna - ESP Teacher,

DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES IN NATURAL DIRECTIONS,

BUKHARA STATE UNIVERSITY,

BUKHARA, REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

Abstract: the creation of dictionaries is the undertaking of an uncommon part of the linguistic study of etymology. Dictionaries are various and changed. Exhaustive dictionaries portray the world, clarify ideas, give personal data about popular individuals, data about nations and urban areas, about extraordinary occasions. Philological dictionaries contain data about words. There are various kinds of philological dictionaries. A great many people know about bilingual dictionaries: we manage them, considering unknown dialects, deciphering writings starting with one language then onto the next.

Keywords: dictionaries, language, philology, dialects, types of dictionaries, literary pronunciation, spelling of words.

References

  • Khusenova M. ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF TERMINOLOGICAL LEXICOGRAPHY // Konferensii, 2020.
  • Sharipova D. et al. Bilingualism As A Main Communication Factor For Integration Among Nations In Transoxiana. Modern Uzbekistan //International Journal on Integrated Education, Т. 2. № 2. Р. 15-23.
  • Sharipova D., Ibatova N. THE TRANSLATION OF PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS INTO UZBEK // Theoretical & Applied Science, 2019. № 10. Рр. 649-651.
  • Shavkatovna S.D., Istamovna I.N., Komiljonovna X.M. Symbols and Images in Uzbek stories // Proceeding of The ICECRS, 2020. Т. 5.
  • Khodjayeva D.I. LEXICOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF PURE PHONETIC TERMS IN THE UZBEK AND ENGLISH LANGUAGES //Theoretical & Applied Science, 2020. № 1. Р. 426-434.
  • Sharipova D., Muhammadiyeva N., Mohigul Q. The Translation of Grammatical Discrepancies // International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 2020. Т. 24. № 1.
  • Sharipova D.Sh., Mavlonova U.K., Ibatova N.I. BEHAVIORAL LANGUAGE ETIQUETTE IN UZBEK PROVERBS AND SAYINGS// Vestnik nauki i obrazovaniya 11-3 (89), 2020.
  • Sharipova D.Sh. THE LEXICAL-SEMANTIC PROPERTIES OF THE SYMBOL. // International Journal on Integrated Education, Т. 3. № 9. Р. 177-180.
  • Sharipova D.Sh., Mavlonova U.K., Ibatova N.I. BEHAVIORAL LANGUAGE ETIQUETTE IN UZBEK PROVERBS AND SAYINGS // Vestnik nauki i obrazovaniya. № 11-3 (89), 2020.
  • Azimovna A.Z., Abdulloevna A.A. USE OF MODERN INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGE // Vestnik nauki i obrazovaniya, 2020. № 10-4 (88).
  • Akhmedova R.A., Nematova M.F., Ochilova N.M. USAGE OF FLORA IN THE EARLY MODERN ENGLISH POETRY // Vestnik nauki i obrazovaniya, 2020. № 7-2. Р. 51-53.
  • Khamdamovna M.U., Khalimovna M.M. ANALYSIS OF SITUATIONAL IRONY IN LITERATURE // Academy, 2020. № 11 (62).
  • Shavkatovna S.D., Istamovna I.N. LINGUACULTURAL ASPECTS OF SYMBOLS AND CHARACTERS // Academy, 2020. № 9. (60). Р. 18-19.
  • Maksudova D.K., Suyunova O.A., Nazarova B.M. Optimizasiya prosessa prepodavaniya angliyskogo yazika // Academy, 2019. № 6 (45).
  • Kushakov Yu.X., Pazletdinova N.P. INTERNET-SERVISI V RABOTE UChITELYa-FILOLOGA // Academy, 2020. № 4 (55).

Ссылка для цитирования данной статьи 

academicjournal copyright    

Khusenova M.U. THE IMPORTANCE OF DICTIONARIES AND ITS TYPES // Academy. № 1 (64), 2021 - С.{см. журнал}.

academicjournal pdf2

Abulova Z.A., Akhmedova A.A.

Abulova Zilola Azimovna – Lecturer;

Akhmedova Aziza Abdulloevna – Lecturer,

DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES IN NATURAL SCIENCES, FACULTY OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES,

BUKHARA STATE UNIVERSITY,

BUKHARA, REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

Abstract: translation is a tool that serves as the interests of friendship, brotherhood and cooperation between different peoples, as well as the expansion of economic, political, scientific, cultural and literary ties between them. As the field of linguistics is developing, translation is considered as one of the most important part in this sphere. Translation is learned by the subject of “the theory of translation’. Many scientists investigated this theory thus finding its problems also. So this article focuses on the background of translation, such as how linguists defined the translation, some problems of it and analyze them carefully by giving some examples.

Keywords: principles of the translation, international federation, bilingual system, harmonization, lingual and cultural views.

References

  • Azimovna A.Z., Abdulloevna A.A. Use of modern innovative technologies in teaching foreign language // Vestnik nauki i obrazovaniya, 2020. № 10-4 (88).
  • Xodjayeva D.I. et al. Тraining problem in foreign language teaching, continuation in their typology and exercise // Theoretical & Applied Science, 2020. № 6. Р. 158-161.
  • Ashurovna A.R. Paralinguistic means of speech // International Journal on Integrated Education, 2019. Т. 2. № 6. Р. 227-230.
  • Mavlonova U. K., Maxmurovna M. K. Тhe introduction of irony in english and uzbek literature //International Engineering Journal For Research & Development, 2020. Т. 5. № 3. Р. 4-4.
  • Islomovna V.S., Zoirovna N.I. Realistic Genre and its Development in World Literature // International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 2020. Т. 24. № 1.
  • Ashurovna A.R., Fazliddinovna N.M., Makhmudjanovna O.N. USAGE OF FLORA IN THE EARLY MODERN ENGLISH POETRY // Vestnik nauki i obrazovaniya, 2020. № 7-2 (85).
  • Mavlonova U.K., Ruziyeva D.S. The use of irony in literature // ISJ Theoretical & Applied Science, 04 (84), 2020. С. 362-364.
  • Khamdamovna M.U., Salimboevna R.D., Toshpulatovna B.V. Irony in dramatic works // International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 2020. Т. 24. № 3.
  • Mavlonova U.K., Karimova Sh.K. Тhe problem of teaching english in mixed ability classes // Dostijeniya nauki i obrazovaniya. № 5(59), 2020.
  • Mavlonova U.K., Achilova R.A. Тhe problem of translation of realia (americanisms) // Dostijeniya nauki i obrazovaniya. № 5(59), 2020.
  • Mavlonova U.K., Makhmurova M.K., Kodirov T.D. Description of art media in literature // LXIV International Correspondence Scientific and Practical Conference “European Research: Innovation in science, education and technology» June. 2020. Р. 5-9.
  • Shavkatovna S.D., Istamovna I.N. Linguacultural aspects of symbols and characters // Academy, 2020. № 9 (60).
  • Abduvohidov A.A. Рlurilingualism and pluriculturalism in the context of teacher training // Academy. № 3 (30).
  • Abeuova A.M., Zhaxybayeva A.M. Тhe problem of the category of case in modern english language // Academy. № 5 (20).

Ссылка для цитирования данной статьи 

academicjournal copyright    

Abulova Z.A., Akhmedova A.A.THE THEORY OF TRANSLATION AND ITS PROBLEMS // Academy. № 12 (63), 2020 - С.{см. журнал}.

academicjournal pdf2

Mavlonova U.Kh., Akhmedova R.A.

Mavlonova Ugiloy Khamdamovna - Senior Lecturer;

Akhmedova Rano Ashurovna – ESP Teacher,

DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES IN NATURAL SCIENCES,

BUKHARA STATE UNIVERSITY,

BUKHARA, REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

Abstract: this article provides a brief overview of irony and its types, with a focus on situational irony. Situational irony is illustrated by examples from general cases and each example is subjected to scientific analysis.

Situational irony also requires the satisfaction of expected results, but in this case, situational irony is possible when the expected result is achieved, or vice versa, when the expected result turns out to be the opposite.

Keywords: irony, verbal irony, dramatic irony, situational irony, cosmic irony (irony of fate), poetic irony (poetic justice).

References

  • Mavlonova Ugiloy Khamdamovna. Similarities and Differences between types of Comic // International Journal on Integrated Education. September, 2020. Volume 3. Issue IX.
  • Ugiloy Khamdamovna Mavlonova, Dilfuza Salimboyevna Ruziyeva. THE USE OF IRONY IN LITERATURE // International Scientific Journal Theoretical & Applied Science, 2020. Issue 04. Volume 84. SOI: 1.1/TAS DOI: 10.15863/TAS.
  • Mavlanova Ugiloy Khamdamovna, Ruzieva Dilfuza Salimboevna, Babaeva Vasila Toshpulatovna. Irony in dramatic works // International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 2020. Т. 24. № 3.
  • Mavlonova U.K., Maxmurovna M.K. THE INTRODUCTION OF IRONY IN ENGLISH AND UZBEK LITERATURE // International Engineering Journal For Research & Development, 2020. Т. 5. № 3. Р. 4-4.
  • Akhmedova R., Ochilova N.M., Nematova M.F. REFLECTION OF ENLIGHMENT LITERATURE IN THE WORKS OF ALEXANDRE POPE // International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation // Issue 6, 2020.
  • Akhmedova R. PARALINGUISTIC MEANS OF SPEECH // International Journal of Integrated Education, 2020 // e-ISSN:26203502//p-ISSN:26153785.
  • Akhmedova R. THE INFLUENCE OF PHRASEOLOGICAL MATERIAL ON THE MOTIVATION FOR LEARNING FOREIGN LANGUAGES // International Journal on Integrated Education. Volume 3. Issue IX. September, 2020.
  • Mavlonova U.K., Makhmurova M.Kh., Kodirov T.D. Description of art media in literature // LXIV International Correspondence Scientific and Practical Conference “European Research: Innovation in science, education and technology» June 5-9, 2020. London, United Kingdom.
  • Mavlonova U.K., Achilova R.A. THE PROBLEM OF TRANSLATION OF REALIA (AMERICANISMS) // Dostijeniya nauki i obrazovaniya. № 5(59), 2020.
  • Ashurovna A.R., Fazliddinovna N.M., MakhmudjanovnaN. USAGE OF FLORA IN THE EARLY MODERN ENGLISH POETRY //Vestnik nauki i obrazovaniya, 2020. № 7-2 (85).
  • Olimovich D.I. Role of investment in tourism development //Academy, 2020. № 5 (56).
  • Abduvohidov A.A. PLURILINGUALISM AND PLURICULTURALISM IN THE CONTEXT OF TEACHER TRAINING // Academy. № 3(30).
  • Abeuova A.M., Zhaxybayeva A.M. THE PROBLEM OF THE CATEGORY OF CASE IN MODERN ENGLISH LANGUAGE // Academy. № 5 (20).

Ссылка для цитирования данной статьи 

academicjournal copyright    

Mavlonova U.Kh., Akhmedova R.A. ANALYSIS OF SITUATIONAL IRONY IN EXAMPLES FROM GENERAL CASES // Academy. № 11 (62), 2020 - С.{см. журнал}.

academicjournal pdf2

           
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